Herbal Supplements

The Herb and Supplement Index by Interflyer

Saturday, January 15, 2005

Name fennel

Origin mediterranean region

Scientific Name Foeniculum vulgare, azoricum, dulce

Description Fennel is a very valuable seed spice combining several herbal properties. It is antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, expectorant and stimulant. Fennel is metioned in virtually every European work on herbal medicines from ancient times to the present day. Major producers include China, Egypt and several eastern European countries. Sweet fennel (foeniculum vulgare dulce) is grown for the fruits and their essential oil. Florence fennel (foeniculum vulgare azoricum) or finnochio is grown as vegetable for it's swollen stems. Bitter fennel (foeniculum vulgare) is also grown for it's fruits. The flavor of fennel depends on which type you use. Wild fennel is slightly bitter, and no anise or licorice- like flavor. Sweet or (Roman) fennel, tastes strongly of anise and is not bitter.

Uses Stomach bloating, digestive spasms, catarrh. Fennel seed is used for treatment of digestive problems such as bloating, flatulence and mild spasms of the gastrointestinal tract. Fennel syrup is used for catarrhs of the upper respitory tract. Externally the oil eases muscular and rheumatic pains.


Possible Side Effects - Rare allergic skin or respiratory tract reactions have been reported. Given a potential estrogenic effect, avoid during pregnancy.

REMINDER If you have a medical condition such as a heart condition, high blood pressure, palpatations, high blood sugar or other medical conditions talk to your doctor before taking supplements.